Reverse-Time Migration by Combining Laplacian Filtering with Wavefield Decomposition for High-Resolution Subsurface Imaging

Authors: Xinrong Mao ; Yuanguo Zhou ; Fei Lei ; Lushun Zhao ; Kirill Zeyde

Reverse-time migration (RTM) is considered to be one of the most accurate migration methods, especially for imaging geologically complex structures. Howeverthe conventional RTM using cross-correlation imaging condition is subject to strong migration artifacts. Recent researches on electromagnetic wavefield decomposition exhibit that the method can greatly suppresses the internal reflection noise, however, it is still subject to residual noise. To further eliminate the low-frequency noise to obtain high-resolution subsurface image, a novel electromagnetic imaging scheme by combining a Laplacian filtering with wavefield decomposition is presented, and the pseudospectral time-domain (PSTD) method is introduced to solve the time-dependent partial differential equations efficiently. In this work, we apply the Laplacian filtering on each wavefield snapshot in space domain to sharpen the field distribution. The filtered wavefields are further decomposed into downgoing and upgoing components for final imaging. Numerical experiments show that the proposed method balances the amplitudes of reflectors, and exhibits higher resolution compared to the conventional RTM.

DOI: 10.1109/JMMCT.2021.3086833

Potential-Based Time Domain Integral Equations Free from Interior Resonances

Authors: Thomas Edgar Roth ; Weng Cho Chew

Potential-based integral equations are being explored to develop numerical methods that avoid low-frequency breakdown issues so that they can analyze multiscale structures that are becoming increasingly important in electromagnetic engineering. This work continues the development of potential-based time domain integral equations by presenting three new formulations in the Lorenz gauge that do not support interior resonances. These modifications allow the methods to be applied to deeply multiscale structures of practical importance that contain significantly subwavelength- and wavelength-sized geometric features. Appropriate marching-on-in-time discretization schemes are developed for each formulation that fully conform to the temporal Sobolev space properties of the integral equations. It is shown that following this approach leads to a discrete system with improved stability properties. Further, it is demonstrated that this new system can produce accurate results over broad bandwidths and analyze deeply multiscale systems that previous potential-based time domain integral equations could not.

DOI: 10.1109/JMMCT.2021.3086622

CNN for Compressibility to Permittivity Mapping for Combined Ultrasound-Microwave Breast Imaging

Authors: Pedram Mojabi ; Max Hughson ; Vahab Khoshdel ; Ian Jeffrey ; Joe Lovetri

Combined ultrasound-microwave breast imaging requires a mechanism to guide one imaging modality using the other. To this end, a convolutional neural network (CNN) is proposed for the mapping of ultrasound property images to dielectric property images for combined ultrasound-microwave breast imaging applications. In this approach, higher resolution ultrasound images are obtained by inverting the ultrasound scattered pressure data using a linearized inverse scattering algorithm. The reconstructed Born-based ultrasound compressibility images are then used to predict dielectric images for the same breast phantoms. These predicted dielectric images can then be used to guide microwave imaging reconstruction to achieve higher accuracy images. To this end, a CNN is trained based on the input of the reconstructed quantitative ultrasonic compressibility and the output of the true quantitative dielectric properties corresponding to the same numerical phantom. Several numerical MRI-derived breast phantoms are used to train and test this CNN. The predicted dielectric properties are tested using different numerical MRI-derived breast phantoms and the predicted profiles show promising results. The predicted dielectric properties are also used as the initial guess prior for the microwave inversion algorithm which leads to the enhancement of the reconstruction of dielectric properties as compared to the blind microwave inversion.

DOI: 10.1109/JMMCT.2021.3076827